I have visited this location twice.  It is officially called the Old Operating Theatre Museum and Herb Garret, and you must travel a set of tiny, winding stairs inside St. Thomas Church in London to get to it.  It was once part of old St. Thomas Hospital, and is the oldest operating theatre in Europe.  http://www.thegarret.org.uk/

It takes some effort to get inside, but is worth it for the fascinating look at how medicine was practiced in times past.  But I know you really just want to see the weird stuff, right?

And you thought artificial limbs were a 20th century development!

A surgeon’s kit.  Amputation, anyone?

“The easier to cut, poke, and prod you with, my dear”

Which of these items doesn’t look like it would cause extreme pain?